Water Science and Engineering 2010, 3(4) 418-430 DOI:   doi:10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2010.04.005  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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hydrologic simulation
distributed hydrological model
Yangtze River basin
Huang-he GU
Zhong-bo YU
Chuan-guo YANG
Qin JU
Bao-hong LU
Article by Huang-he GU
Article by Zhong-bo YU
Article by Chuan-guo YANG
Article by Qin JU
Article by Bao-hong LU
Article by Chuan LIANG

Study on the large scale hydrologic simulation using multi-satellite precipitation

Huang-he GU1, 2, Zhong-bo YU1, 2, Chuan-guo YANG1, 2, Qin JU1, 2,  Bao-hong LU1, 2, Chuan LIANG3

1. State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
2. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
3. State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University,
Chengdu 610065, P. R. China


High-quality rainfall information is critical for accurate simulation of runoff and the water cycle process on the land surface. In situ monitoring of precipitation has a very limited usefulness on the regional and global scale because of the high spatial and temporal variability of precipitation. It is unlikely to improve rainfall station network and rainfall radar network in short term in all regions. The inaccuracy of rainfall in some areas with sparse rainfall stations is bound to bring great uncertainty into the runoff and water cycle process simulation. On the way to overcome these problems, microwave remote sensing observations are appropriate for retrieving the spatial and temporal precipitation coverage because of the global and frequent availability. With the development of the satellite radar technology, TRMM precipitation data get more and more attention by meteorologists and hydrologists because of its high temporal (3 hours) and spatial (0.25°×0.25°) resolution. For distributed hydrological model, the distributed input data is the basic condition for hydrological simulation. This paper addresses the question of whether remotely sensed precipitation estimates over a catchment can be used to improve distributed hydrological model water balance computations. The TRMM (Tropical Rainfall Measuring Mission) precipitation product was introduced into the hydrological cycle simulation for Yangtze basin, in south China. A tool was developed to interpolate the observations into the same spatial and temporal resolution with TRMM data and then evaluate the precision of TRMM data from 1998 to 2006. It shows that TRMM rainfall in the moderate-intensity with high accuracy, but low-intensity and heavy-intensity rainfall with low fidelity. So the integrated application of TRMM data and ground observations was proposed to the watershed hydrology process simulation and achieved good results.

Keywords TRMM   hydrologic simulation   distributed hydrological model   Yangtze River basin  
Received 2010-09-10 Revised 2010-10-27 Online: 2011-10-10 
DOI: doi:10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2010.04.005

Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment in China;Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment in China;Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment in China;Major Science and Technology Program for Water Pollution Control and Treatment in China

Corresponding Authors: Huang-he Gu
Email: guhuanghe@yahoo.com.cn
About author:

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