Water Science and Engineering 2011, 4(1) 46-60 DOI:   10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2011.01.005  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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VOF method
partial cell method
perforated quasi-ellipse caisson
wave pressure
wave force
wave runup   
YU Yong-Hua
REN Xiao-Zhong
Article by Yu,Y.H
Article by Ren,X.Z

Three-dimensional numerical simulation of wave interaction with perforated quasi-ellipse caisson

Yong-xue WANG*1, Xiao-zhong REN1, Ping DONG2, Guo-yu WANG1

1. State Key Laboratory of Coastal and Offshore Engineering, Dalian University of Technology,
Dalian 116024, P. R. China
2. Department of Civil Engineering, School of Engineering, Physics and Mathematics, University of Dundee, Dundee DD1 4HN, UK


The finite difference method and the VOF method have been used to develop a three dimensional numerical model to study wave interaction with a perforated caisson. And the partial cell method is also adopted to this type of problems for the first time. The validity of the present model, with and without the presence of structures, is examined by comparing the model results with experimental data. Then, the numerical model is used to investigate the effects of various wave and structure parameters on the wave forces and the wave runup of the perforated quasi-ellipse caisson. Compared with the solid quasi-ellipse caisson, the wave force of the perforated quasi-ellipse caisson is significantly reduced with the increasing of porosity on the perforated quasi-ellipse caisson. Furthermore, the perforated quasi-ellipse caisson can reduce the wave runup compared with the solid quasi-ellipse caisson. This reduction tends to increase as the porosity of the perforated quasi-ellipse caisson and relative wave height increase.

Keywords VOF method   partial cell method   perforated quasi-ellipse caisson   wave pressure   wave force   wave runup     
Received 2010-10-15 Revised 2011-01-10 Online: 2011-03-30 
DOI: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2011.01.005

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50921001), and the Science and Technology Program for Communications Construction in West China, of the Ministry of Transport of the People’s Republic of China (Grant No. 2004-328-832-51).

Corresponding Authors: Yong-xue WANG
Email: wangyx@dlut.edu.cn
About author:


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