Water Science and Engineering 2011, 4(1) 92-100 DOI:     ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
 reservoir environment
fence aquaculture
pond aquaculture
nitrogen and phosphorus 
JI -feifei
ZHOU Huai-Dong
JIANG Cui-Ling
Article by Ji,.F
Article by Zhou,H.D
Article by Jiang,C.L

Impact of pond and fence aquaculture on reservoir environment

Huai-dong ZHOU1, Cui-ling JIANG*1, Li-qin ZHU1, Xin-wei WANG2,  Xiao-qin HU1, Jun-yu CHENG1, Ming-hua XIE1

1. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
2. Shaoguan Hydrology Bureau of Guangdong Province, Shaoguan 512028, P. R. China


With the rapid development of aquaculture in lakes and reservoirs, its negative effects on water quality and aquatic organisms are clearly emerging. Toward a better understanding of these effects, chemical and biological monitoring was conducted in the Fangbian Reservoir to study the relationship between aquaculture and eutrophication. As a domestic water supply source, this reservoir has reached the mesotrophic level. The concentrations of total nitrogen (TN) and total phosphorus (TP) in the Fangbian Reservoir have frequently exceeded the prescriptive level according to the Environmental Quality Standards for Surface Water (GB3838-2002). Pond and fence aquaculture feeding is the main cause of high levels of nitrogen and phosphorus, accounting for nearly half of the total pollution, and causing the reservoir environmental capacity to be exceeded. The amounts of nitrogen and phosphorus that went directly to the reservoir through the residual bait and fish droppings in fence aquaculture were 42 768 kg per year and 10 856 kg per year respectively, from 2007 to 2009. About 2 913 kg of nitrogen and 450 kg of phosphorus were imported to the reservoir through the exchange of water from the culturing ponds at the same time. Therefore, controlling the aquaculture scale and promoting eco-aquaculture are key measures for lessening the eutrophication degree and improving the water quality.    .

Keywords  reservoir environment   fence aquaculture   pond aquaculture   bait   eutrophication   nitrogen and phosphorus   
Received 2010-05-10 Revised 2006-11-23 Online: 2011-03-30 
Corresponding Authors: Cui-ling JIANG
Email: cljianghhu@163.com
About author:


Beklioglu, M., Ince, O., and Tuzun, I. 2003. Restoration of the eutrophic Lake Eymir, Turkey, by biomanipulation after a major external nutrient control. Hydrobiology, 490, 93-105. [doi:10.1023/A: 1023466629489]
Buykcapar, H. M., and Alp, A. 2006. The carrying capacity and suitability of the Menzelet Reservior (Kahramanmaras-Turkey) for trout culture in terms of water quality. Journal of Applied Sciences, 6(13), 2774-2778. [doi:10.3923/jas.2006.2774.2778]
Chen, D., and Zheng, A. R. 2005. Contamination of N, P and organic matters from cage culture and its assessment. Fujian Journal of Agricultural Sciences, 20(s1), 57-62. (in Chinese)
Garner, A. B. 2008. High-Density Grass Carp Stocking Effects on a Reservoir Invasive Plant, Water Quality, and Native Fishes. M. S. Dissertation. Raleigh: North Carolina State University.
Kairesalo, T., Laine, S., Luokkanen, E., Malinen, T., and Keto, J. 1999. Direct and indirect mechanisms behind successful biomanipulation. Hydrobiologia, 395-396, 99-106. [doi:10.1023/A:1017019318537]
Lazzaro, X., Bouvy, M., Ribeiro-Filho, R. A., Oliviera, V. S., Sales, L. T., Vasconcelos, A. R. M., and Mata, M. R. 2003. Do fish regulate phytoplankton in shallow eutrophic Northeast Brazilian reservoirs? Freshwater Biology, 48(4), 649-668. [doi:10.1046/j.1365-2427.2003.01037.x]
Liu, J. S., Cui, Y. B., and Liu, J. K. 1997. Advances in studies on the effect of cage culture on the environment. Acta Hydrobiologica Sinica, 21(2), 174-184. (in Chinese)
McDaniel, N. K., Sugiura, S. H., Kehler, T., Fletcher, J. W., Coloso, R. M., Weis, P., and Ferraris, R. P. 2005. Dissolved oxygen and dietary phosphorus modulate utilization and effluent partitioning of phosphorus in rainbow trout (Oncorhynchus mykiss) aquaculture. Environmental Pollution, 138(2), 350-357. [doi:10.1016/j.envpol.2005.03.004]
McLachlan, A. J. 1969. The effect of macrophysics on the variety and abundance of benthic fauna in a newly created lake in the tropics (Lake Kariba). Arch Hydrobiologia, 66, 212-231.
Milstein, A. 1993. Water quality and freshwater fish culture intensification: The Israeli example. Aquaculture Research, 24(6), 715-724. [doi:10.1111/j.1365-2109.1993.tb00650.x]
Painting, S. J., Devlin, M. J., and Malcolm, S. J. 2007. Assessing the impact of nutrient enrichment in estuaries: Susceptibility to eutrophication. Marine Pollution Bulletin, 55(1-6), 74-90. [doi:10.1016/j. marpolbul.2006.08.020]
Pogozhev, P. I., and Gerasimova, T. N. 2001. The effect of zooplankton on microalgae blooming and water eutrophication. Water Resources, 28(4), 420-427. [doi:10.1023/A:1010449823109]
Qi, Z. X., Xu, W. Y., and Tang, G. P. 2006. Impact of feeding-cage culture on ecological environment of reservoir. Aquaculture, 26(5), 78-79. (in Chinese)
Salami, I. R., Rahmawati, S., Sutarto, R. I. H., and Jaya, P. M. 2008. Accumulation of Heavy Metals in Freshwater Fish in Cage Aquaculture at Cirata Reservoir, West Java, Indonesia. New York Academy of Sciences, 1140, 290-296. [doi:10.1196/annals.1454.037]
Scharf, W. 2007. Biomanipulation as a useful water quality management tool in deep stratifying reservoirs. Hydrobiologia, 583(1), 21-42. [doi:10.1007/s10750-006-0471-y]
Simões, F. S. , Moreira, A. B., Bisinoti, M. C., Gimenez, S. N., and Yabe, M. S. 2008. Water quality index as a simple indicator of aquaculture effects on aquatic bodies. Ecological Indicators, 8(5), 476-484. [doi: 10.1016/j.ecolind.2007.05.002]
Sun, G., Sheng, L. X., Feng, J., Lang, Y., and Li, Z. X. 1999. Relationship between fishery and eutrophication in Chinese lakes. Journal of Northeast Normal University (Natural Science Edition), 3(1), 74-78. (in Chinese)
Tang, Y. T., Jia, H. L., and Wen, Y. M. 2003. Impact of cage culture on water environment. Aquaculture, 23(1), 46-48. (in Chinese)
Yaro, I., Lamai, S. L., and Oladimeji, A. A. 2005. The effect of different fertilizer treatments on waterquality parameters in rice-cum-?sh culture systems. Journal of Applied Ichthyol, 21(5), 399-405. [doi:10.1111/j.1439-0426.2005.00654.x]
Yuan, C. Y., and Cui, Q. M. 2003. Methods to reduce pollution degree by nutrition modulation. Feed Research, (5), 25-27. (in Chinese)
Zeng, T., and Li, H. 2006. Impact analysis and management strategy of cage culture on water environment of Feilaixia Reservoir. Guangdong Water Resources and Hydropower, 4(2), 71-85. (in Chinese)

Similar articles
1.Ling-ling WANG*1;Zhen-zhen YU1;Hui-chao DAI1;Qing-hua CAI2.Eutrophication model for river-type reservoir tributaries and its applications[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2009,2(1): 16-24

Copyright by Water Science and Engineering