Water Science and Engineering 2011, 4(3) 258-269 DOI:   10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2011.03.003  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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 atrazine transport
soil column
 breakthrough curves (BTCs)
JOHN Leju-Celestino Ladu
ZHANG -Danrong
Article by John,L.C
Article by Zhang,.D

Modeling atrazine transport in soil columns with HYDRUS-1D

John Leju CELESTINO LADU*1, 2, Dan-rong ZHANG3

1. College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
2. School of Energy and Environment, Southeast University, Nanjing 210096, P. R. China
3. State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China


Both physical and chemical processes affect the fate and transport of herbicides. It is useful to simulate these processes with computer programs to predict solute movement. Simulations were run with HYDRUS-1D to identify the sorption and degradation parameters of atrazine through calibration from the breakthrough curves (BTCs). Data from undisturbed and disturbed soil column experiments were compared and analyzed using the dual-porosity model. The study results show that the values of dispersivity are slightly lower in disturbed columns, suggesting that the more heterogeneous the structure is, the higher the dispersivity. Sorption parameters also show slight variability, which is attributed to the differences in soil properties, experimental conditions and methods, or other ecological factors. For both of the columns, the degradation rates were similar. Potassium bromide was used as a conservative non-reactive tracer to characterize the water movement in columns. Atrazine BTCs exhibited significant tailing and asymmetry, indicating non-equilibrium sorption during solute transport. The dual-porosity model was verified to best fit the BTCs of the column experiments. Greater or lesser concentration of atrazine spreading to the bottom of the columns indicated risk of groundwater contamination. Overall, HYDRUS-1D successfully simulated the atrazine transport in soil columns.

Keywords  atrazine transport   bromide   HYDRUS-1D   soil column    dispersivity    breakthrough curves (BTCs)   sorption  
Received 2010-05-24 Revised 2011-01-12 Online: 2011-09-30 
DOI: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2011.03.003
Corresponding Authors: John Leju CELESTINO LADU
Email: johnleju@yahoo.com
About author:


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