|Water Science and Engineering 2014, 7(2) 183-193 DOI: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2014.02.006 ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV|
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Shear velocity criterion for incipient motion of sediment
Francisco J. M. SIMÕES*
U.S. Geological Survey, Geomorphology and Sediment Transport Laboratory, Golden, CO 80403, USA
The prediction of incipient motion has had great importance to the theory of sediment transport. The most commonly used methods are based on the concept of critical shear stress and employ an approach similar, or identical, to the Shields diagram. An alternative method that uses the movability number, defined as the ratio of the shear velocity to the particle’s settling velocity, was employed in this study. A large amount of experimental data were used to develop an empirical incipient motion criterion based on the movability number. It is shown that this approach can provide a simple and accurate method of computing the threshold condition for sediment motion.
|Keywords： incipient motion sediment transport Shields diagram critical shear stress critical shear velocity movability number|
|Received 2012-11-20 Revised 2013-06-16 Online: 2014-04-25|
|Corresponding Authors: Francisco J. M. SIM?ES|
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