Water Science and Engineering 2016, 9(1) 21-32 DOI:   http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2016.03.001  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Wave extremes
Climate change
Principal component analysis
Panagiota Galiatsatoua
Christina Anagnostopouloub
Panayotis Prinosa
Article by Panagiota Galiatsatoua
Article by Christina Anagnostopouloub
Article by Panayotis Prinosa

Modeling nonstationary extreme wave heights in present and future climate of Greek Seas

Panagiota Galiatsatoua*, Christina Anagnostopouloub, Panayotis Prinosa

a Hydraulics Laboratory, Division of Hydraulics and Environmental Research, Department of Civil Engineering, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki, Thessaloniki 54124, Greece
b Department of Meteorology and Climatology, School of Geology, Aristotle University of Thessaloniki,  Thessaloniki 54124, Greece


In this study the generalized extreme value (GEV) distribution function was used to assess nonstationarity in annual maximum wave heights for selected locations in the Greek Seas, both in the present and future climate. The available significant wave height data were divided into groups corresponding to the present period (1951 to 2000), a first future period (2001 to 2050), and a second future period (2051 to 2100). For each time period, the parameters of the GEV distribution were specified as functions of time-varying covariates and estimated using the conditional density network (CDN). For each location and selected time period, a total number of 29 linear and nonlinear models were fitted to the wave data, for a given combination of covariates. The covariates used in the GEV-CDN models consisted of wind fields resulting from the Regional Climate Model version 3 (RegCM3) developed by the International Center for Theoritical Physics (ICTP) with a spatial resolution of 10 km × 10 km, after being processed using principal component analysis (PCA). The results obtained from the best fitted models in the present and future periods for each location were compared, revealing different patterns of relationships between wind components and extreme wave height quantiles in different parts of the Greek Seas and different periods. The analysis demonstrates an increase of extreme wave heights in the first future period as compared with the present period, causing a significant threat to Greek coastal areas in the North Aegean Sea and the Ionian Sea.

Keywords Wave extremes   Climate change   Nonstationarity   GEV-CDN   Principal component analysis  
Received 2015-06-23 Revised 2015-11-03 Online: 2016-01-31 
DOI: http://dx.doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2016.03.001

This work was co-financed by the European Social Fund and Greek National Funds through the Operational Program “Education and Lifelong Learning” of the National Strategic Reference Framework (NSRF)-Research Funding Program: Thales. Investing in knowledge society through the European Social Fund.

Corresponding Authors:
Email: pgaliats@civil.auth.gr
About author:


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