Water Science and Engineering 2019, 12(2) 136-144 DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2019.05.004  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Keywords
Waterway dimension
Condition analysis
Three Gorges Project
Yichang-Anqing reach
Yangtze River
Authors
PubMed

 Possibilities and challenges of expanding dimensions of waterway downstream of Three Gorges Dam

Tao Yan a, b, Yun-ping Yang b, Yi-bing Li b, Yuan-fang Chai c, Xiao-bing Cheng b,*

a Key Laboratory of Yellow River Sediment Research, Ministry of Water Resources, Zhengzhou 450003, China
b Key Laboratory of Engineering Sediment, Tianjin Research Institute for Water Transport Engineering,
Ministry of Transport, Tianjin 300456, China
c State Key Laboratory of Water Resources and Hydropower Engineering Science, Wuhan University, Wuhan 430072, China

Abstract

The waterway in the middle and lower reaches of the Yangtze River has long been known as the Golden Waterway and has served as an important link in the construction of the Yangtze River Economic Belt. Therefore, expanding its dimensions is a significant goal, particularly given the long-range cumulative erosion occurring downstream of the Three Gorges Dam (TGD), which has been concentrated in the dry river channel. With the regulation of the volume from upstream reservoirs and the TGD, the minimum discharge and water level of the river downstream are increasing, and creating favorable conditions for the increase of the depth of the waterway. The discharge compensation effect during the dry season offsets the decline in the water level of the river channel caused by the down-cutting of part of the riverbed, but the minimum navigable water level of the segment near the dam still shows a declining trend. In recent years, several waterway remediation projects have been implemented in the downstream reaches of the TGD and although the waterway depth and width have been increased, the channel dimensions are still insufficient in the Yichang-Anqing reach (with a total length of 1026 km), as compared to the upstream reservoir area and the deep water channel in the downstream tidal reaches. A comprehensive analysis of the water depth and the number and length of shoals in the waterway indicates that its dimensions can be increased to 4.5 m × 200 m and 6.0 m × 200 m in the Yichang-Wuhan and Wuhan-Anqing reaches, respectively. This is also feasible given the remediation technologies currently available, but remediation projects need to be coordinated with those for flood prevention and ecological protection.

Keywords Waterway dimension   Condition analysis   Three Gorges Project   Yichang-Anqing reach   Yangtze River  
Received 2018-08-10 Revised 2019-02-25 Online: 2019-06-30 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2019.05.004
Fund:

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grants No. 2016YFC0402306 and 2016YFC0402106), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 51809131), the Key Laboratory of Yellow River Sediment Research, the Ministry of Water Resources of China (Grant No. 2016002), and the Fundamental Research Funds for Central Public Welfare Research Institutes (Grants No. TKS160103, TKS180201, and TKS180411).

Corresponding Authors: Xiao-bing Cheng
Email: kscxb@126.com
About author:

References:

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