Water Science and Engineering 2019, 12(3) 179-187 DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2019.08.002  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

Current Issue | Archive | Search                                                            [Print]   [Close]
Information and Service
This Article
Supporting info
Service and feedback
Email this article to a colleague
Add to Bookshelf
Add to Citation Manager
Cite This Article
Email Alert
Plain reservoirs
Sediment deposition
Clipping via island construction
Numerical simulation

Analysis of wave clipping effects of plain reservoir artificial islands based on MIKE21 SW model

Yan Xiang a,b,c,*, Zhi-min Fud, Ying Meng a,b, Kai Zhang a,b,c, Zheng-fei Cheng a

a Dam Safety Management Center of Ministry of Water Resources, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
b State Key Laboratory of Hydrology-Water Resources and Hydraulic Engineering, Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
c Key Laboratory of Failure Mechanism and Safety Control Techniques of Earth-Rock Dam, Ministry of Water Resources,Nanjing Hydraulic Research Institute, Nanjing 210029, China
d College of Hydrology and Water Resources, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China


Plain reservoirs are shallow, and have low dams and widespread water surfaces. Therefore, wind-wave-induced damage to the dam is one of the important factors affecting the safety of the reservoir. To improve upon unsatisfactory plain reservoir wave-clipping schemes, a numerical method is proposed to predict and analyze waves in the reservoir in the presence of artificial islands, constructed from dredged sediment. The MIKE21 SW model is applied to a specific plain reservoir for finding the optimal artificial island parameters. The simulated wave height attenuation results are seen to agree well with empirically predicted values. Thus, the validity and reliability of the numerical model are established. Artificial islands at suitable locations in the reservoir can attenuate the wave heights by approximately 10% to 30%, which justifies the efficacy of the clipping scheme making use of dredging and island construction.

Keywords Plain reservoirs   Sediment deposition   Clipping via island construction   MIKE21 SW   Numerical simulation  
Received 2019-04-22 Revised 2019-07-09 Online: 2019-09-30 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2019.08.002

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grants No. 2016YFC0401603, 2016YFC0401605, and 2016YFC0401607), and the Central Public-interest Scientific Institution Basal Research Fund (Grants No. Y717012 and Y718007).

Corresponding Authors: Yan Xiang
Email: yxiang@nhri.cn
About author:


Ayat, B., 2013. Wave power atlas of Eastern Mediterranean and Aegean Seas. Energy 54, 251–262. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.energy.2013.02.060.

Bi, F., Song, J., Wu, K., Xu, Y., 2015. Evaluation of the simulation capability of the Wavewatch III model for Pacific Ocean wave. Acta Oceanol. Sin. 34(9), 43–57. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13131-015-0737-1.

Booij, N., Holthuijsen, L.H., Ris, R.C., 1997. The “Swan” wave model for shallow water. In: Proceedings of the 25th International Conference on Coastal Engineering. American Society of Civil Engineers, Orlando, pp. 668–676. https://doi.org/10.1061/9780784402429.053.

Bouma, T.J., De Vries, M.B., Low, E., Peralta, G., Tánczos, I.C., Van de Koppel, J., Herman, P.M.J., 2005. Trade-offs related to ecosystem engineering: A case study on stiffness of emerging macrophytes. Ecology 86(8), 2187–2199. https://doi.org/10.1890/04-1588.

Bradley, K., Houser, C., 2009. Relative velocity of seagrass blades: Implications for wave attenuation in low-energy environments. J. Geophys. Res. Earth Surf. 114, F01004. https://doi.org/10.1029/2007JF000951.

Danish Hydraulic Institute (DHI) Water and Environment, 2017. Mike 21 Spectral Wave Module Scientific Documentation. Hørsholm.

Fonseca, R.B., Gonçalves, M., Guedes Soares, C., 2017. Comparing the performance of spectral wave models for coastal areas. J. Coast. Res. 33(2), 331–346. https://doi.org/10.2112/JCOASTRES-D-15-00200.1.

Koftis, T., Prinos, P., Stratigaki, V., 2013. Wave damping over artificial Posidonia oceanica meadow: A large-scale experimental study. Coast. Eng. 73, 71–83. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.coastaleng.2012.10.007.

Li, J.F.,, Qi, Y.X., Sun, J., 2006. The primary discussion on calculation method of reservoir crest superelevation in the plain area. Journal of Northwest Hydroelectric Power 22(5), 41–43 (in Chinese).

Li, Y., Huang, Z., Zhang, J.F., Wu, W.J., Zhang, C.F., Zhao, Q.F., 2014. Application and verification of sea wave forecast by WAVEWATCH III model in the Bohai Sea of China. J. Meteorol. Environ. 30(1), 23–29 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.3969 /j.issn.1673-503X.2014.01.004.

Noujas, V., Thomas, K.V., Ajeesh, N.R., 2017. Shoreline management plan for a protected but eroding coast along the southwest coast of India. J. Sediment Res. 32, 495–505. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ijsrc.2017.02.004.

Papaioannou, I., Gao, R.P., Rank, E., Wang, C.M., 2013. Stochastic hydroelastic analysis of pontoon-type very large floating structures considering directional wave spectrum. Probabilistic Engineering Mechanics 33, 26–37. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.probengmech.2013.01.006.

Suh, K.D., Jung, H.Y., Pyun, C.K., 2007. Wave reflection and transmission by curtainwall-pile breakwaters using circular piles. Ocean Eng. 34(14-15), 2100–2106. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.oceaneng.2007.02.007.

Tang, G.Q., Chen, C.Q., Zhao, M., Lu, L., 2015. Numerical simulation of flow past twin near-wall circular cylinders in tandem arrangement at low Reynolds number. Water Sci. Eng. 8(4), 315–325. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2015.06.002.

Wang, C.M., Tay, Z.Y., 2011. Hydroelastic analysis and response of pontoon-type very large floating structures. Lecture Notes in Computational Science and Engineering. 73, 103–130. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-14206-2_5.

Wang, W.Y., He, Q.Q., Yang, J., 2013. Numerical simulation research of wave with a return period of 50 years in the Hangzhou Bay. Journal of Marine Sciences. 31(4), 44–48 (in Chinese).

Xiang, Y., Fu, S.Y., Zhu, K., Yuan, H., Fang, Z.Y., 2017. Seepage safety monitoring model for an earth rock dam under influence of high-impact typhoons based on particle swarm optimization algorithm. Water Sci. Eng. 10(1), 70–77. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2017.03.005.

Xie, D.M., Zou, Q.P., Cannon, J.W., 2016. Application of SWAN+ADCIRC to tide-surge and wave simulation in Gulf of Maine during Patriot’s Day storm. Water Sci. Eng. 9(1), 33–41. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2016.02.003.

Yang, X.C., Zhang, Q.H., 2013. Joint probability distribution of winds and waves from wave simulation of 20 years (1989–2008) in Bohai Bay. Water Sci. Eng. 6(3), 296–307. https://doi.org/10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2013.03.006.

Yu, D.Y., Li, L., 2017. Study on wave diffraction of artificial island with different elements. The Ocean Engineering. 35(1), 105-111, 120 (in Chinese). https://doi.org/10.16483/j.issn.1005-9865.2017.01.012.

Zheng, D.X., Zhou, R.X., Jin, R.Q., Zheng, L., 2009. Discussion on the calculation method of plain reservoir wave run-up. Yellow River 3, 86–87 (in Chinese).

Zhu, D.T., 2013. Full wave solution for hydrodynamic behaviors of pile breakwater. China Ocean Eng. 27(3), 323–334. https://doi.org/10.1007/s13344-013-0028-6.


Similar articles

Zheng Jinhai1; H. Mase2; Li Tongfei1


Modeling of random wave transformation with strong wave-induced coastal currents

[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2008,1(1): 18-26
2.Yong FAN.Application of 2-D sediment model to fluctuating backwater area of Yangtze River[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2009,2(3): 37-47
3.Ning HE;Zhen-xing ZHAO.Theoretical and numerical study of hydraulic characteristics of orifice energy dissipator[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(2): 190-199
4.Ying-wei SUN, Hai-gui KANG*.Application of CLEAR-VOF method to wave and flow simulations[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2012,5(1): 67-78
5.Shu-he WEI; Liao-jun ZHANG.Vibration analysis of hydropower house based on fluid-structure coupling numerical method[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(1): 75-84
6.Yan ZHANG; Jian-fu SHAO.Elastoplastic cup model for cement-based materials[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(1): 102-112
7. Yong-tao WANG, Zhong-min YAN, Hui-min WANG.Numerical simulation of low-Reynolds number flows past two tandem cylinders of different diameters[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2013,6(4): 433-445
8.Li-ping CHEN, Jun-cheng JIANG.Experiments and numerical simulations on transport of dissolved pollutants around spur dike[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(3): 341-353
9.Cheng-gang LU, Zhou-hu WU, Guo-feng HE, Jie ZHU, Gui-yong XIAO.Numerical simulation of sediment deposition thickness at Beidaihe International Yacht Club[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(3): 313-320
10.Jun CHEN, Hong-wu TANG.Multi-approach analysis of maximum riverbed scour depth above a subway tunnel[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2010,3(4): 431-442
11.Rasool GHOBADIAN; Kamran MOHAMMADI.Simulation of subcritical flow pattern in 180o  uniform and convergent open-channel bends using SSIIM 3-D model[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2011,4(3): 270-283
12.Lin HAN; Zi-ming ZHANG; Zhi-qiang NI.Application of SSOR-PCG method with improved iteration format in FEM simulation of massive concrete[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2011,4(3): 317-328
13. Yong ZHANG, Eric M. LABOLLE, Donald M. REEVES, Charles RUSSELL.Direct numerical simulation of matrix diffusion across fracture/matrix interface[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2013,6(4): 365-379
14.Yu-Shi WANG, Marcela POLITANO, Ryan LAUGHERY.Towards full predictions of temperature dynamics in McNary Dam forebay using OpenFOAM[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2013,6(3): 317-330
15.Fang-fang Wang, Shi-qiang Wu, Sen-lin Zhu.Numerical simulation of flow separation over a backward-facing step with high Reynolds number[J]. Water Science and Engineering, 2019,12(2): 145-154

Copyright by Water Science and Engineering