|Water Science and Engineering 2019, 12(4) 274-283 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2019.12.004 ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV|
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Urban and river flooding: Comparison of flood risk management approaches in the UK and China and an assessment of future knowledge needs
Matteo Rubinato a,b,c, Andrew Nichols c, Yong Peng d, *, Jian-min Zhang d, Craig Lashford a, b, Yan-peng Cai e, Peng-zhi Lin d, Simon Tait c
a Faculty of Engineering, Environment and Computing, School of Energy, Construction and Environment, Coventry University, Coventry CV1 5FB, UK
Increased urbanisation, economic growth, and long-term climate variability have made both the UK and China more susceptible to urban and river flooding, putting people and property at increased risk. This paper presents a review of the current flooding challenges that are affecting the UK and China and the actions that each country is undertaking to tackle these problems. Particular emphases in this paper are laid on (1) learning from previous flooding events in the UK and China, and (2) which management methodologies are commonly used to reduce flood risk. The paper concludes with a strategic research plan suggested by the authors, together with proposed ways to overcome identified knowledge gaps in flood management. Recommendations briefly comprise the engagement of all stakeholders to ensure a proactive approach to land use planning, early warning systems, and water-sensitive urban design or redesign through more effective policy, multi-level flood models, and data driven models of water quantity and quality.
|Keywords： Urban flooding River flooding Water management Review Strategic research plans Sponge cities|
|Received 2018-12-12 Revised 2019-10-15 Online: 2019-12-30|
This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2016YFE0122500), the Researcher Links Fund, British Council (Grant No. 227109770), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 5151101425 and 51579166), and the Open Research Fund from the State Key Laboratory of Hydraulics and Mountain River Engineering, Sichuan University (Grants No. SKHL1601 and SKHL1602).
|Corresponding Authors: Yong Peng|
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