Water Science and Engineering 2020, 13(2) 116-123 DOI:   https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2020.06.002  ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV

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Keywords
Soil water content
Salinity
Micro-sprinkler irrigation
Water application intensity
Saline soil environment
Authors
PubMed

Effects of water application intensity of micro-sprinkler irrigation and soil salinity on environment of coastal saline soils

Lin-lin Chu a, *, Yao-hu Kang b, Shu-qin Wan b

a College of Agricultural Science and Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, China
b Key Laboratory of Water Cycle and Related Land Surface Processes, Institute of Geographic Sciences and Natural Resources Research, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, China

Abstract

To achieve the greatest leaching efficiency, water movement must occur under unsaturated flow conditions. Accordingly, the water application intensity of irrigation must be chosen carefully. The aim of this study was to evaluate the impact of the water application intensity of micro-sprinkler irrigation on coastal saline soil with different salt contents. To achieve this objective, a laboratory experiment was conducted with three soil salinity treatments (2.26, 10.13, and 22.29 dS/m) and three water application intensity treatments (3.05, 5.19, and 7.23 mm/h). The results showed that the effect of soil salinity on soil water content, electrical conductivity, and pH was significant, and the effect of the water application intensity was insignificant. High soil water content was present in the 40–60 cm profile in all soil salinity treatments, and the content was higher in the medium and high water application intensity treatments than in the low-intensity treatment. Significant salt leaching occurred in all treatments, and the effect was stronger in the high soil salinity treatment and medium water application intensity treatment. In the medium and high soil salinity treatments, pH exhibited a decreasing trend, with no trend change in the low soil salinity treatment, and the pH value was higher in the medium water application intensity treatment than in the other two treatments. These results indicated that the three intensities evaluated had no statistically different effect on the electrical conductivity of saturated soil-paste extracts (EC) in the upper 20 cm of the soil profile, and it would be better to maintain a lower value of the water application intensity.

Keywords Soil water content   Salinity   Micro-sprinkler irrigation   Water application intensity   Saline soil environment  
Received 2019-12-23 Revised 2020-04-16 Online: 2020-06-30 
DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2020.06.002
Fund:

This work was supported by the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities (Grant No. 2016B14614), the Program of China Scholarship Council (Grant No. 201906715015), the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grant No. 2017YFC040320502), and a project funded by the Priority Academic Program Development (PAPD) of Jiangsu Higher Education Institutions.

Corresponding Authors: Lin-lin Chu
Email: LLchu5589@163.com
About author:

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