|Water Science and Engineering 2020, 13(2) 154-161 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2020.06.003 ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV|
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Scour around submarine pipes due to high-amplitude transient waves
Hassan Vosoughi, Hooman Hajikandi*
Department of Civil Engineering, Central Tehran Branch, Islamic Azad University, Tehran 1469669191, Iran
Estimation of scour dimensions below submarine pipelines is a vital step in designing offshore infrastructure. Extreme events like tsunami waves produce strong erosive forces below the underwater pipes, apt to create scour holes, jeopardizing the safety of the structure. Despite the importance of this issue, previous studies have mainly focused on steady flow cases, and the scour pattern below submarine pipes induced by high-amplitude transient waves has rarely been investigated. This paper reports the results of 40 experimental runs on transient wave-induced scour below a model pipe in a laboratory flume under a variety of initial conditions. The variables included the bed particle size and gradation, initial water depth, wave height, and slope of the bed layer. Waves were generated by a sudden release of water from a sluice gate, installed in the middle of the flume. A pressure transducer data acquisition system was used to record the wave heights at different time steps. The results indicate that, with a shallower initial depth of flow, the scour depth is relatively large. It was also found that there exists a direct correlation between the induced wave height and the size of the scour hole. It was observed that, in clear water conditions, the size of the scour hole in coarse sediments is smaller, while in live-bed conditions, larger scour holes are created in coarser sediments. It was also observed that at high wave amplitudes, the live-bed conditions are dominant, and consequently the bed elevation is altered.
|Keywords： Submarine pipe Scour hole Transient wave Flume experiment Live-bed condition Sediment|
|Received 2019-06-06 Revised 2019-12-21 Online: 2020-06-30|
|Corresponding Authors: Hooman Hajikandi|
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