|Water Science and Engineering 2020, 13(3) 181-192 DOI: https://doi.org/10.1016/j.wse.2020.09.008 ISSN: 1674-2370 CN: 32-1785/TV|
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Evaluation of alum-based water treatment residuals used to adsorb reactive phosphorus
George Carleton, Teresa J. Cutright*
Department of Civil Engineering, The University of Akron, Akron OH 44235-3905, USA
Excess reactive phosphorus (PO4) in waterways can lead to eutrophication. A low-cost approach to reducing PO4 levels in surface water was evaluated using the alum-based water treatment residual (Al-WTR) or Al-WTR augmented with powdered activated carbon (PAC-WTR). Batch adsorption-desorption and continuous flow column experiments were performed to assess the specific adsorption capacities under various concentration and flow conditions. Both Al-WTR and PAC-WTR exhibited the ability to adsorb PO4. The overall, cumulative sorbed amount after a 28-d desorption step for Al-WTR was 33.93 mg/kg, significantly greater than the PAC-WTR value of 24.95 mg/kg (p < 0.05). The continuous flow column experiments showed a theoretical PO4 uptake of 9.00 mg/g for Al-WTR and 7.14 mg/g for PAC-WTR over 720 h. When surface water was used, the Al-WTR and PAC-WTR columns removed 67.4% and 62.1% of the PO4, respectively. These results indicated that Al-WTR was more effective for in-field evaluation.
|Keywords： Phosphorous Alum Water treatment residuals Adsorption Desorption Powered activated carbon|
|Received 2019-11-18 Revised 2020-04-05 Online: 2020-09-30|
This work was supported by Ohio EPA 319 (Grant No. 17(H)EPA-17) and the Ohio Water Development Authority (Grant No. 80-17).
|Corresponding Authors: Teresa J. Cutright|
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