Water Science and Engineering     2010 3 (4):  454-466    ISSN: 1674-2370:  CN: 32-1785/TV

Spatial variation of health risk for drinking groundwater in Mingshan County, Ya’an,China
Fuquan Ni1,2,Guodong LIU3,Yaosheng TAN4,Liping XU2,Yu DENG2
2. Sichuan Agricultural University
3. Sichuan University
4. Tianjin University
Received 2010-09-10  Revised 2010-11-03  Online 2010-12-30
Ahrens, B. 2006. Distance in spatial interpolation of daily rain gauge data. Hydrology and Earth System Sciences Discussions, 10(2), 197-208. [doi:10.5194/hess-10-197-2006]
Chai, L. Y., Wang, Z. X., Wang, Y. Y., Yang, Z. H., Wang, H. Y., and Wu, X. 2010. Ingestion risks of metals in groundwater based on TIN model and dose-response assessment: A case study in the Xiangjiang watershed, central-south China. Science of the Total Environment, 408(16), 3118-3124. [doi:10.1016/ j.scitotenv.2010.04.030]
Chen, L. G., Chen, M. J., and Feng, H. L. 2008. Water source quality safety evaluation based on health risk assessment. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 39(2), 235-244. (in Chinese)
Emmanuel, E., Pierre, G. M., and Perrodin, Y. 2009. Groundwater contamination by microbiological and chemical substances released from hospital wastewater: Health risk assessment for drinking water consumers. Environment International, 35(4), 718-726. [doi:10.1016/j.envint.2009.01.011]
Fewtrell, L., Macgill, S. M., Kay, D., and Casemore, D. 2001. Uncertainties in risk assessment for the determination of drinking water pollutant concentrations: Cryptosporidium case study. Water Research, 35(2), 441-447. [doi:10.1016/S0043-1354(00)00281-5]
Gómez-Gutiérrez, A., Garnacho, E., Bayona, J. M., and Albaigés, J. 2007. Screening ecological risk assessment of persistent organic pollutants in Mediterranean sea sediments. Environment International, 33(7), 867-876. [doi:10.1016/j.envint.2007.04.002]
Gros, M., Petrovic, M., Ginebreda, A., and Barceló, D. 2010. Removal of pharmaceuticals during wastewater treatment and environmental risk assessment using hazard indexes. Environment International, 36(1), 15-26. [doi:10.1016/j.envint.2009.09.002]
Hu, Y. F., Deng, L. J., Zhang, S. R., Ni, F. Q., and Zhang, J. 2009. Spatial variability of iron and manganese contents in shallow groundwater in the west of Sichuan Basin. Acta Ecologica Sinica, 29(2), 797-803. (in Chinese)
Jin, G. D., Liu, Y. C., and Niu, W. J. 2003. Comparison between inverse distance weighting method and kriging. Journal of Changchun University of Technology, 24(3), 53-57. (in Chinese)
Lee, J. J., Jang, C. S., Wang, S. W., and Liu, C. W. 2007. Evaluation of potential health risk of arsenic-affected groundwater using indicator kriging and dose response model. Science of the Total Environment, 384(1-3), 151-162. [doi:10.1016/j.scitotenv.2007.06.021]
Li, Z. H., Bi, E. P., Zhang, S., Yin, M. Y., Ma, L. N., Wang, W. Z., and Zhang, Y. L. 2008. Method for health risk assessment of groundwater pollution. South-to-North Water Transfers and Water Science and Technology, 6(6), 47-51. (in Chinese)
Ma, H. W., Hung, M. L., and Chen, P. C.2007. A systemic health risk assessment for the chromium cycle in Taiwan. Environment International, 33(2), 206-218. [doi:10.1016/j.envint. 2006.09.011]
Nguyen, V. A., Bang, S., Viet, P. H., and Kim, K. W. 2009. Contamination of groundwater and risk assessment for arsenic exposure in Ha Nam Province, Vietnam. Environment International, 35(3), 466-472. [doi:10.1016/j.envint.2008.07.014]
Ni, F. Q. 2007. Study on the drinking water safety decision support system in rural areas in Ya’an region of Sichuan Province. The 5th International Conference on Urban Watershed Management and Mountain River Protection and Development (Volume Ⅱ), 669-677. Chengdu: Sichuan University Press.
Ni, F. Q., Liu, G. D., Ye, J., and Yang, S. C. 2009. ArcGIS-based rural drinking water quality health risk assessment. Journal of Water Research and Protection, 1(5), 351-361. [doi:10.4236/jwarp.200915042]
Razmkhah, H., Abrishamchi, A., and Torkian, A. 2010. Evaluation of spatial and temporal variation in water quality by pattern recognition techniques: A case study on Jajrood River (Tehran, Iran). Journal of Environmental Management, 91(4), 852-860. [doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2009.11.001]
Shaban, M., Urban, B., ElSaadi, A., and Faisal, M. 2010. Detection and mapping of water pollution variation in the Nile Delta using multivariate clustering and GIS techniques. Journal of Environmental Management, 91(8), 1785-1793. [doi:10.1016/j.jenvman.2010.03.020]
U.S. EPA (United States Environmental Protection Agency). 1989. Supplement Risk Assessment (Part 1). Washington, D.C.: U.S. EPA.
Wang, Q. L., Zhang, Z., and Liu, W. 2009. Environmental health risk assessment of drinking water source in Tianjin. Environmental Science and Technology, 32(5), 187-190. (in Chinese)
Zeng, G. M., Liang, J., Guo, S. L., Shi, L., Xiang, L., Li, X. D., and Du, C. Y. 2009. Spatial analysis of human health risk associated with ingesting manganese in Huangxing Town, Middle China. Chemosphere, 77(3), 368-375. [doi:10.1016/j.chemosphere.2009.07.020]

Corresponding author: Fu-quan Ni