Water Science and Engineering     2011 4 (3):  305-316    ISSN: 1674-2370:  CN: 32-1785/TV

Implementation and verification of interface constitutive model in FLAC3D
Hai-min WU*1, Yi-ming SHU1, Jun-gao ZHU2
1. College of Water Conservancy and Hydropower Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
2. Institute of Geotechnical Engineering, Hohai University, Nanjing 210098, P. R. China
Received 2011-01-08  Revised 2011-04-18  Online 2011-10-08

Anubhav, and Basudhar, P. K. 2010. Modeling of soil-woven geotextile interface behavior from direct shear test results. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 28(4), 403-408. [doi:10.1016/j.geotexmem.2009.12.005]
Brandt, J. R. T. 1986. Behavior of Soil Concrete Interface. Ph. D. Dissertation. Edmonton: The University of Alberta.
Byrne, R. J. 1994. Design issues with strain-softening interfaces in landfill liners. Proceedings of the Waste Technology, 1-26. Charleston.
Caballero, A., Willam, K. J., and Carolc, I. 2008. Consistent tangent formulation for 3D interface modeling of cracking/fracture in quasi-brittle materials. Computer Methods in Applied Mechanics and Engineering, 197(33-40), 2804-2822.  [doi:10.1016/j.cma.2008.01.011]
Chen, Y. M., and Liu, H. L. 2007. Development and implementation of Duncan-Chang constitutive model in FLAC3D. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 28(10), 2123-2126. (in Chinese)
Chu, W. J., Xu, W. Y., Yang, S. Q., and Zhou, W. Y. 2006. Secondary development of a viscoelasto-plastic rheological constitutive model of rock based on FLAC3D. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 27(11), 2005-2010. (in Chinese)
Clough, G. W., and Duncan, J. M. 1971. Finite element analysis of retaining wall behavior. Journal of Soil Mechanics and Foundation Engineering, 97(12), 1657-1672.
Esterhuizen, J. J. B., Filz, G. M., and Duncan, J. M. 2001. Constitutive behavior of geosynthetic interfaces.  Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 127(10), 834-840. [doi:10.1061/(ASCE) 1090-0241(2001)127:10(834)]
Filz, G. M., Esterhuizen, J. J. B., and Duncan, J. M. 2001. Progressive failure of lined waste impoundments. Journal of Geotechnical and Geoenvironmental Engineering, 127(10), 841-848. [doi:10.1061/(ASCE) 1090-0241(2001)127:10(841)]
Fowmes, G. J., Dixon, N., and Jones, D. R. V. 2008. Validation of a numerical modelling technique for multilayered geosynthetic landfill lining systems. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 26(2), 109-121. [doi: 10.1016/j.geotexmem.2007.09.003]
Hu, L., and Pu, J. L. 2003. Application of damage model for soil-structure interface. Computers and Geotechnics, 30(2), 165-183. [doi:10.1016/S0266-352X(02)00059-9]
Itasca Consulting Group. 2005. Fast Lagrangian Analysis of Continua in 3 Dimensions. Minneapolis: Itasca Consulting Group.
Jones, D. R. V., and Dixon, N. 1998. Shear strength properties of geomembrane-geotextile interfaces. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 19(1), 45-57. [ doi:10.1016/S0266-1144(00)00002-9]
Kim, D. 2007. Multi-Scale Assessment of Geotextile-Geomembrane Interaction. Ph. D. Dissertation. Atlanta: Georgia Institute of Technology.
Luan, M. T, and Wu, Y. J. 2004. A nonlinear elasto-perfectly plastic model of interface element for soil-structure interaction and its applications. Rock and Soil Mechanics, 25(4), 507-513. (in Chinese)
Qi, T. Y., Lu, S. L., and Gao, B. 2004. Amended model of bolt element in FLAC and its application. Chinese Journal of Rock Mechanics and Engineering, 23(13), 2197-2200. (in Chinese)
Qian, J. H., and Zhan, M. L. 1993. Tests and analysis on rheological characteristic of interface. Proceedings of Research on Interaction Between Soil and Hydraulic Structures. Beijing: China WaterPower Press. (in Chinese)
Shallenberger, W. C., and Filz, G. M. 1996. Interface strength determination using a large displacement shear box. Proceedings of Second International Conference on Environmental Geotechnics, 147-152. Osaka.
Wu, W., Wang, X. T., and Aschauer, F. 2008. Investigation on failure of a geosynthetic lined reservoir. Geotextiles and Geomembranes, 26(4), 363-370. [doi:10.1016/j.geotexmem.2007.12.001]
Xu, C., Liao, X. Y., and Ye, G. B. 2008. Numerical analysis on strain-softening characteristic of soil-geosynthetic interface. Chinese Journal of Hunan University (Natural Sciences), 35(11), 177-181. (in Chinese)
Yao, C. C., Yu, H. L., and Zhang, Y. 2007. Method of calculating safety factor of liner based on FLAC3D software entity. Sichuan Architecture, 27(2), 115-116. (in Chinese)
Yin, Z. Z., Zhu, H., and Xu, G. H. 1995. A study of deformation in the interface between soil and concrete. Computers and Geotechnics, 17(1), 75-92.  [doi:10.1016/0266-352X(95)91303-L]
Zhang, G., Wang, L. P., and Zhang, J. M. 2008. Unified modeling of monotonic and cyclic behavior of interface between structure and gravelly soil. Soils and Foundations, 48(2), 231-245. [doi:10. 1002/nag.865]
Zhang, G. K., and Xu, W. Y. 2005. Numerical simulation of discontinuous contact behavior of vertical construction joints in gravity dam. Journal of Hydraulic Engineering, 36(8), 982-987. (in Chinese)
Zhou, A. Z., and Lu, T. H. 2009. Elasto-plastic constitutive model of soil-structure interface in consideration of strain softening and dilation. Acta Mechanica Solida Sinica, 22(2), 171-179. [doi:10.1016/S0894- 9166(09)60102-6]



Corresponding author: Hai-min WU