Volume 16 Issue 4
Dec.  2023
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Ming-qiang Zhan, Bo Chen, Zhong-ru Wu. 2023: Deformation warning index for reinforced concrete dam based on structural health monitoring data and numerical simulation. Water Science and Engineering, 16(4): 408-418. doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2023.09.002
Citation: Ming-qiang Zhan, Bo Chen, Zhong-ru Wu. 2023: Deformation warning index for reinforced concrete dam based on structural health monitoring data and numerical simulation. Water Science and Engineering, 16(4): 408-418. doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2023.09.002

Deformation warning index for reinforced concrete dam based on structural health monitoring data and numerical simulation

doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2023.09.002

This work was supported by the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 52079049, U2243223, 51609074, 51739003, and 51579086).

  • Received Date: 2022-03-31
  • Accepted Date: 2023-08-04
  • Available Online: 2023-12-14
  • The material mechanical parameters of the dam body and foundation will change when a dam is reinforced during the aging process. This causes significant changes in the structural state of the project and makes it difficult to ensure its structural safety. In this study, a new deformation warning index for reinforced concrete dams was developed according to the prototype monitoring data, statistical models, three-dimensional finite element model (FEM) numerical simulation, and the critical conditions of the dam structure. A statistical model was established to separate the water pressure component. Then, a three-dimensional FEM of the reinforced concrete dam was constructed to simulate the water pressure component. Furthermore, the deformation components that affected the mechanical parameters of the dam under the same amount of reservoir water level change were separated and quantified accurately. In addition, the method for inversion of comprehensive mechanical parameters after dam reinforcement was used. The influence mechanisms of the deformation behavior of concrete dams under the reservoir water level and temperature changes were investigated. A new deformation warning index was developed by combining the forward-simulated critical water pressure component and temperature component in the period of extreme temperature decrease with the aging component separated by the statistical model. The new deformation warning index considers the structural state of the dam before and after reinforcement and links the structural strength criterion and the deformation evolution mechanisms. It provides a theoretical foundation and decision support for long-term service and operation management of reinforced dams.


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