Volume 17 Issue 1
Mar.  2024
Turn off MathJax
Article Contents
Xi Feng, Zheng Li, Hui Feng, Jia-yan Yang, Shou-peng Xie, Wei-bing Feng. 2024: Contributors to tidal duration asymmetry with varied coastline configurations on western shelf of Yellow Sea. Water Science and Engineering, 17(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2023.09.006
Citation: Xi Feng, Zheng Li, Hui Feng, Jia-yan Yang, Shou-peng Xie, Wei-bing Feng. 2024: Contributors to tidal duration asymmetry with varied coastline configurations on western shelf of Yellow Sea. Water Science and Engineering, 17(1): 1-12. doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2023.09.006

Contributors to tidal duration asymmetry with varied coastline configurations on western shelf of Yellow Sea

doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2023.09.006

This work was supported by the Joint Foundation of the Ministry of Education (Grant No. 8091B022123), the Water Science and Technology Project of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. 2022023), the Project of the Key Technologies of Port Engineering Construction under Medium and Long Period Wave Conditions (Grant No. ZJ2015-1), and the Open Funding from the Key Laboratory of Port, Waterway and Sedimentation Engineering of the Ministry of Communications in 2023 (Grant No. Yk223001-3).

  • Received Date: 2022-11-29
  • Accepted Date: 2023-09-14
  • Available Online: 2024-03-05
  • Coastal management in China is confronted with an urgent choice between natural restoration and maintenance of existing seawalls and reclaimed land for economic development. A key criterion for making this decision is the resilience to coastal flooding, which depends on the ability to predict tidal level. Tidal duration asymmetry (TDA) is a key parameter in determination of the arrival and duration of flood tides. This study selected the western inner shelf of the Yellow Sea (WYS) as the study area and investigated the responses of TDA to different shoreline configurations and relative sea level rise. The responses of TDA to shoreline reconstruction yielded spatial variability locally and remotely. In the nearshore area, the responses of TDA to the complex ocean environment mainly originated from the combined functions of reflection, bottom friction, and advection, which controlled the energy transfer from M2 or S2 constituents to their overtides or compound tides. The sensitivity of TDA to coastline typologies was not limited to coastal waters but could stretch over the entire inner shelf. The vulnerability of tidal responses was due to the displacement of the M2 amphidrome of the Kelvin wave on the WYS, which in turn changed tidal energy fluxes over the regime. The relative sea level rise could intensify the feedback of TDA to seawalls and land reclamation.


  • loading
  • Aubrey, D. G., Speer, 1985. A study on non-linear tidal propagation in shallow inlet/estuarine systems. Part I: Observations. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 21, 185–205, https://doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(85)90096-4.
    Chen, C., Wang, G., Yan, Y., Luo, F., 2021. Projected sea level rise on the continental shelves of the China seas and the dominance of mass contribution. Environmental Research Letters 16(6), 064040. https://doi.org/10.1088/1748-9326/abfdea.
    Feng, H., Feng, X., Feng, W.B., Zhang, W., 2021. Sensitivity of tides and tidal components to sea-level-rise in the Radial Sand Ridges. Regional Studies in Marine Science 47, 101918. https://doi.org/10.1016/J.RSMA.2021.101918.
    Feng, X., Feng, H., Li, H., Zhang, F., Feng, W., Zhang, W., Yuan, J., 2019. Tidal responses to future sea level trends on the Yellow Sea Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 124(11), 7285-7306. https://doi.org/10.1029/2019JC015150.
    Feng, X., Feng, H., 2021. On the role of anthropogenic activity and sea-level-rise in tidal distortion on the open coast of the Yellow Sea Shelf. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 126, e2020JC016583. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020JC016583.
    Friedrichs, C.T., Aubrey, D.G., 1988. Non-linear tidal distortion in shallow well-mixed estuaries: A synthesis. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 27(5), 521-545. https://doi.org/10.1016/0272-7714(88)90082-0.
    Gong, W., Schuttelaars, H., Zhang, H., 2016. Tidal asymmetry in a funnel-shaped estuary with mixed semidiurnal tides. Ocean Dynamics 66(5), 637-658. https://doi.org/10.1007/s10236-016-0943-1.
    Grinsted, A., Bamber, J., Bingham, R., Buzzard, S., Nias, I., Ng, K., Weeks, J., 2022. The transient sea level response to external forcing in CMIP6 models. Earth's Future 10(10), e2022EF002696. https://doi.org/10.1029/2022EF002696.
    Gross, E.S., 1997. Numerical Modeling of Hydrodynamics and Scalar Transport in an Estuary. Ph.D. Dissertation. Stanford University, Palo Alto.
    Guo, L., Brand, M., Sanders, B.F., Foufoula-Georgiou, E., Stein, E.D., 2018. Tidal asymmetry and residual sediment transport in a short tidal basin under sea level rise. Advances in Water Resources 121, 1-8. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.advwatres.2018.07.012.
    Hermans, T.H.J., Gregory, J.M., Palmer, M.D., Ringer, M.A., Katsman, C.A., Slangen, A.B.A., 2021. Projecting global mean sea-level change using CMIP6 models. Geophysical Research Letters 48, e2020GL092064. https://doi.org/10.1029/2020GL092064.
    Hoitink, A.J.F., Hoekstra, P., van Maren, D.S., 2003. Flow asymmetry associated with astronomical tides: Implications for the residual transport of sediment. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 108(C10), 3315. https://doi.org/10.1029/2002jc001539.
    Holleman, R.C., Stacey, M.T., 2014. Coupling of sea level rise, tidal amplification, and inundation. Journal of Physical Oceanography 44(5), 1439-1455. https://doi.org/10.1175/JPO-D-13-0214.1.
    Maas, L.R.M., Doelman, A., 2002. Chaotic tides. Journal of Physical Oceanography 32(3), 870-890. https://doi.org/10.1175/1520-0485(2002)032<0870:CT>2.0.CO;2.
    Nidzieko, N.J., 2010. Tidal asymmetry in estuaries with mixed semidiurnal/diurnal tides. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 115(C8), C08006. https://doi.org/10.1029/2009jc005864.
    Nidzieko, N.J., Ralston, D.K., 2012. Tidal asymmetry and velocity skew over tidal flats and shallow channels within a macrotidal river delta. Journal Of Geophysical Research Oceans 117(C3), C03001. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jc007384.
    Pan, H.D., Jiao, S.Y., Xu, T.F., Lv, X.Q., Wei Z.X., 2022. Investigation of tidal evolution in the Bohai Sea using the combination of satellite altimeter records and numerical models. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 279, 108140. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2022.108140.
    Pawlowicz, R., Beardsley, B., Lentz, S., 2002. Classical tidal harmonic analysis including error estimates in MATLAB using T-TIDE. Computers & Geosciences 28(8), 929-937. https://doi.org/10.1016/S0098-3004(02)00013-4.
    Song, D., Wang, X.H., Kiss, A.E., Bao, X., 2011. The contribution to tidal asymmetry by different combinations of tidal constituents. Journal of Geophysical Research Oceans 116(C12), C12007. https://doi.org/10.1029/2011jc007270.
    Song, D.H., Wang, X.H., Zhu, X.M., Bao, X.W., 2013. Modeling studies of the far-field effects of tidal flat reclamation on tidal dynamics in the East China Seas. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 133, 147-160. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2013.08.023.
    Suh, S.W., Lee, H.Y., Kim, H.J., 2014. Spatio-temporal variability of tidal asymmetry due to multiple coastal constructions along the west coast of Korea. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Science 151, 336-346. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2014.09.007.
    Woodworth, P.L., Blackman, D.L., Pugh, D.T., Vassie, J.M., 2005. On the role of diurnal tides in contributing to asymmetries in tidal probability distribution functions in areas of predominantly semi-diurnal tide. Estuarine, Coastal and Shelf Sciences 64(2-3), 235-240. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.ecss.2005.02.014.
    Zhu, Q.G, Wang, Y.P., Ni, W.F., Gao, J.H., Li, M.L., Yang, L., Gong, X.L., Gao, S., 2016. Effects of intertidal reclamation on tides and potential environmental risks: A numerical study for the southern Yellow Sea. Environmental Earth Sciences 75(23), 1472. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12665-016-6275-0.
  • 加载中


    通讯作者: 陈斌, bchen63@163.com
    • 1. 

      沈阳化工大学材料科学与工程学院 沈阳 110142

    1. 本站搜索
    2. 百度学术搜索
    3. 万方数据库搜索
    4. CNKI搜索


    Article Metrics

    Article views (74) PDF downloads(3) Cited by()
    Proportional views


    DownLoad:  Full-Size Img  PowerPoint