Volume 5 Issue 1
Mar.  2012
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Shou-yan JIANG, Cheng-bin DU. 2012: Seismic stability analysis of concrete gravity dams with penetrated cracks. Water Science and Engineering, 5(1): 105-119. doi: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2012.01.010
Citation: Shou-yan JIANG, Cheng-bin DU. 2012: Seismic stability analysis of concrete gravity dams with penetrated cracks. Water Science and Engineering, 5(1): 105-119. doi: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2012.01.010

Seismic stability analysis of concrete gravity dams with penetrated cracks

doi: 10.3882/j.issn.1674-2370.2012.01.010
Funds:  the National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program, Grant No. 2007CB714104), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grant No. 50779011), and the Innovative Project for Graduate Students of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. CX10B_202Z)
  • Received Date: 2011-01-28
  • Rev Recd Date: 2011-03-15
  • The seismic stability of a cracked dam was examined in this study. Geometric nonlinearity and large deformations, as well as the contact condition at the crack site, were taken into consideration. The location of penetrated cracks was first identified using the concrete plastic-damage model based on the nonlinear finite element method (FEM). Then, the hard contact algorithm was used to simulate the crack interaction in the normal direction, and the Coloumb friction model was used to simulate the crack interaction in the tangential direction. After verification of numerical models through a case study, the seismic stability of the Koyna Dam with two types of penetrated cracks is discussed in detail with different seismic peak accelerations, and the collapse processes of the cracked dam are also presented. The results show that the stability of the dam with two types of penetrated cracks can be ensured in an earthquake with a magnitude of the original Koyna earthquake, and the cracked dam has a large earthquake-resistant margin. The failure processes of the cracked dam in strong earthquakes can be divided into two stages: the sliding stage and the overturning stage. The sliding stage ends near the peak acceleration, and the top block slides a long distance along the crack before the collapse occurs. The maximum sliding displacement of the top block will decrease with an increasing friction coefficient at the crack site.

     

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