Volume 14 Issue 3
Sep.  2021
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Xin-yu Chen, Ke Zhang, Li-jun Chao, Zhi-yu Liu, Yun-huan Du, Qin Xu. 2021: Quantifying natural recharge characteristics of shallow aquifers in groundwater overexploitation zone of North China. Water Science and Engineering, 14(3): 184-192. doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2021.07.001
Citation: Xin-yu Chen, Ke Zhang, Li-jun Chao, Zhi-yu Liu, Yun-huan Du, Qin Xu. 2021: Quantifying natural recharge characteristics of shallow aquifers in groundwater overexploitation zone of North China. Water Science and Engineering, 14(3): 184-192. doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2021.07.001

Quantifying natural recharge characteristics of shallow aquifers in groundwater overexploitation zone of North China

doi: 10.1016/j.wse.2021.07.001

This work was supported by the National Key Research and Development Program of China (Grants No. 2018YFC1508101 and 2018YFC0407704), the National Natural Science Foundation of China (Grants No. 51879067 and 51879163), the Natural Science Foundation of Jiangsu Province (Grant No. BK20180022), and the Fundamental Research Funds for the Central Universities of China (Grant No. B200204038).

  • Received Date: 2021-01-05
  • Accepted Date: 2021-02-18
  • Available Online: 2021-10-11
  • To improve the accuracy of hydrological simulations in the groundwater overexploitation zone of North China, it is necessary to study the characteristics of shallow aquifer recharge on daily scale. Three shallow aquifer recharge indices were used to quantify shallow aquifer recharge in two ways. The recharge coefficient was used to quantify the amount of shallow aquifer recharge. The recharge duration and water table rise coefficient were used to quantify the recharge temporal process. The Spearman rank correlation coefficient and regression analysis were used to determine the relationships between aquifer water table depth (WTD), rainfall, and shallow aquifer recharge. The Jiangjiang River Basin, a tributary of the Haihe River, was selected as the study area. The results showed that the recharge coefficient first increased, then decreased, and finally leveled off as WTD increased. When WTD was between 5 and 6 m, the recharge coefficient reached its maximum (approximately 0.3). When WTD was greater than 10 m, the recharge coefficient remained stable (around 0.12). With regard to the sources and forms of recharge, preferential flow was dominant in the areas near the extraction wells. In contrast, plug flow became dominant in the areas distant from the wells. With the reduction of rainfall duration, the proportion of preferential flow contributing to aquifer recharge increased. With the increase of rainfall amount, the duration of aquifer recharge lengthened.


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